Mustard is a condiment creamy yellow color that is usually bought in plastic bottles and is used to flavor hot dogs and grilled sausages. It comes from a plant species, also known as mustard-yellow flowers whose varieties produce white or dark seeds that are harvested for culinary use. Yellow mustard plants include varieties of high commercial value, as well as invasive plants considered weeds.
The yellow mustard plant, also called white mustard-known with the botanical name Sinapis alba, which according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, is of Mediterranean origin. The Sinapis alba is the kind of yellow mustard plant most commonly used to create the seasoning used in hot dogs, explains the University Extension North Dakota State. This plant was grown in the United States over approximately 20,000 acres (8,093 hectares) belonging to North Dakota, only in 2006. The Sinapis alba often grown in rotation with other small grain crops because it grows best in well-drained fertile soil resulting from the integration of previous crop residues.
Brown mustard plants (oriental mustard) are also culinary use, are from India and are known by the botanical name Brassica junsea. This plant produces very fine seeds are sold in gourmet spice market. Brown mustard plants are also used to produce oil, as the percentage of fat in the seeds is significantly higher than in seeds of Sinapis alba. Oriental mustard plants flower heads have the same bright yellow to yellow mustard and grown under similar conditions, however, require about two weeks to mature. The Brassica nigra is another mustard plant that produces yellow flowers black seeds. Rarely grown commercially, it is not suitable for mechanical harvesting, explains the Encyclopedia Britannica.
Certain varieties of mustard species have become harmful in some areas of the United States, and that threaten native plants with seed production and accelerated its aggressive absorption of nutrients. Sahara mustard produces long, slender stems and a rosette of leaves at the base and a few clusters of yellow flowers resembling those of culinary varieties, which develops only in sandy areas, dry dunes and trails where creating severe ecological disruption. The most affected states are New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada and Texas in the United States, reports the Cooperative Extension University of Arizona. In Europe, the mustard “prairie” is considered a very noxious weed that is botanically separated from the mustard family, but photogenically very close to their copies, says the Extension of the University of Wisconsin. The Bunias orientalis is recognized by its bright green leaves and stems bristling crowned with yellow flowers, but mostly because it is able to displace other species and create a mono culture in the ways of the Virginia, Michigan, and Wisconsin . Efforts to eradicate these two varieties are underway.